Saturday, October 12, 2019

Dreaming and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: The Connection Essay examp

Introduction According to the dictionary diagnosis in PsychCentral, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is defined as a â€Å"debilitating mental disorder that follows experiencing or witnessing an extremely traumatic, tragic, or terrifying event† (PTSD Info & Treatment, 2013). While this definition describes the general definition of PTSD, the DSM-IV states that the criteria for being diagnosed with PTSD varies between a person who â€Å"experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others† and/or â€Å"the person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror† (DSM-IV, Appendix E). Such experiences can include various situations such as military involvement for veterans, domestic abuse, and even divorce. It is stated that once a person experiences a traumatic event, PTSD can develop as a combination of varying symptoms. When diagnosing possible PTSD patients, clinicians use the DSM-IV as a guide in â€Å"understanding clusters of symptoms† (Staggs, para. 1). Some of these symptoms include â€Å"recurrent and intrusive† recollections of the situation, â€Å"including images, thoughts, or perceptions; acting or feeling as if the traumatic event were recurring; intense psychological distress† to symbols representing trauma; and â€Å"recurrent distressing dreams of the event†, or nightmares/terrors (DSM-IV, Appendix E). While all symptoms play an important factor in diagnosing a patient with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the most common of the symptoms are the recurring dreams according to a statement in Dreaming in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Phenomology, Psychophysiology and Treatment by Wittmann, Schredl,... ...e and Mental Health Services Administration, 51, Appendix E. Retrieved from Shanks, V. (2013). TREATING THE UNCONSIOUS COMPLEX OF PTSD. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 20-21. Retrieved from Standen, A. (2012). Ending Nightmares Caused By PTSD. Retrieved from Swales, P. (2012). Sleep and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from Wittmann, L., Schredl, M., & Kramer, M. (2007). Dreaming in posttraumatic stress disorder: A critical review of phenomenology, psychophysiology and treatment. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 76, 25-39. Retrieved from

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